In 2016, the total amount of customs duties received by the budgets of the EAEU countries amounted to USD 9.8 billion
The Supreme Audit Institutions of Russia, Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan held a regular joint meeting of the Collegium via videoconference.
The meeting summarized the results of the 2016 inspection of compliance by the competent authorities of the Republic of Armenia, the Republic of Belarus, the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic and the Russian Federation with the Protocol on the Procedure for Crediting and Distribution of Import Customs Duties (Other Duties, Taxes and Charges of Equivalent Effect) and their transfer to the budgets of the EAEU Member States.
According to Tatyana Golikova, Chairwoman of the Russian Accounts Chamber, giving a welcoming speech at the opening session, the Eurasian Economic Union is a successfully developing integrated entity. “We note the positive dynamics of economic growth of our countries. This year, the total GDP of the Union increased by 1.8% percent,” she said.
The head of the Russian Audit Institution also gave a high evaluation of the activities of Supreme Audit Institutions in the framework of the EAEU. “Our cooperation can be described as effective and productive. We have accumulated considerable experience in carrying out joint control activities and continue to improve our interaction. Thus, in the interests of providing prompt solution to all issues, a working group was established from among specialists of our departments directly involved in the inspections,” reported Tatyana Golikova.
The reports to the Board were made by the representatives of audit institutions of the five countries.
The parties were unanimous in their assessment of the inspection results, noting that in 2016 the competent authorities of the EAEU member countries generally ensured compliance with the procedure of distribution of import customs duties. Import duties are distributed in accordance with the established values* for each Party.
The total amount of import duties received by the budgets of the Parties in 2016 amounted to USD 9.8 billion. Compared with 2015, there has been an overall decrease in the amount of credited import duties by USD 782,7 million or 7.4%.
In 2016, the import customs duties in the Russian Federation amounted to RUB 570 billion, in the Republic of Armenia they totaled AMD 33.5 billion, in the Republic of Belarus – BYN 974,5 million, in the Republic of Kazakhstan – KZT 190,2 billion, in the Kyrgyz Republic – KGS 12.1 billion.
However, the results of the inspection indicate the persistence of a number of issues that Supreme Audit Institutions have already noted following the previous inspections.
One of them is the lack of a working system of information and technical support for the overall processes of the Union in the field of customs. The inspection has shown that, despite the adoption of the technical documents regulating information exchange between the central customs authorities using a common process of integrated information system for the foreign and mutual trade, the work on the implementation of measures provided for therein and the introduction of the overall process has not been organized. As a result, the exchange of information between the central customs authorities has not been implemented yet. As the representative of the Eurasian economic Commission, who also attended the joint meeting, explained, the information subsystems are currently being finalized and configured and the final introduction of the information process is scheduled for the end of 2018.
Moreover, the member countries have not yet adopted the Agreement regarding the procedure for conducting joint audits by the SAI on the issues of compliance with the procedure for crediting and distribution of import customs duties and their transfer to the budgets of the EAEU member states.
In addition, the inspection has once again revealed the problematic issues related to the distribution of import customs duties for which the obligation to pay arose on September 1, 2010.
In particular, in the Republic of Kazakhstan, the import duties on goods imported by organizations operating in the field of mineral resources management were being credited to a undistributable account during the period from 2014 to 2016, after September 1, 2010. Taking into account the result of consideration of the claim submitted by Kazakhstan in the EAEU Court, the competent authorities of the Republic of Kazakhstan were requested to take measures to comply with the provisions of the Protocol in respect of such import duties.
Following the meeting, the Board resolved to submit the inspection report to the governments of the Russian Federation, the Republic of Armenia, the Republic of Belarus, the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Kyrgyz Republic. In addition, the inspection report will be sent to the Chambers of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, Zhogorku Kenesh (the Supreme Council) of the Kyrgyz Republic and the Eurasian Economic Commission.